Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like element that’s found in all cells of the body including the body tissues and blood of vertebrates which includes us mammals! It is the vital part of the external membranes of body cells, and it disperses in the blood.
Cholesterol in the body originates from 2 major sources. About three-quarters of the body’s total cholesterol is produced within the body, while about one-quarter originates from cholesterol in food.
Greater concentrations exist in body tissues which have more mostly packed membranes– i.e. the liver, spinal column, brain, atheroma, reproductive organs and adrenal glands.
The liver is the most crucial site of cholesterol biosynthesis. It is secreted from the liver through an acidic secretion called ‘bile’.
Diet plans which are rich in animal fats, meat, poultry, fish, oils, egg yolks and milk products are a rich source of dietary cholesterol. Organ meats, such as liver and kidney, are really rich in cholesterol but foods of plant origin include no cholesterol.
High cholesterol levels in the blood stream can influence the pathogenesis of specific conditions. Recent research has mooted that the abundance of protein complexes called lipoproteins, are liable for the cholesterol build-up in the capillaries.
Cholesterol gets linked to these lipoproteins. The high-density lipoprotein (HDL) features cholesterol from the blood stream for excretion, while the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) brings it back into the system for use by many body cells.
LDL cholesterol is called bad cholesterol, due to that raised levels of it are associated with an improved threat of coronary heart disease. LDL cholesterol attachs itself to the walls of the arteries which over time causes cholesterol plaque. Slowly, cholesterol plaque triggers thickening of the artery walls and restricting of the arteries, and can lead to a condition called atherosclerosis.
The levels of both HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol may cause problems for the heart and capillary systems ; nonetheless the existing medical perspective is that the ratio of HDL cholesterol to LDL cholesterol is a lot more crucial than the actual level of cholesterol.
Tips to handle your cholesterol levels:
Lower your consumption of foods consisting of hydrogenated fats – fried unhealthy food, butter, cream, cheese, and fat on meat – to help lower cholesterol. Eat more plant foods in your diet vegetable oils, nuts, veggies, breads, cereal fruits, grains and veggies. A low cholesterol diet strategy, incorporated with regular exercise is the best technique to lower cholesterol levels.
Medications can also aid lower cholesterol levels. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, ‘Statins’, such as lovastatin (Mevacor) and atorvastatin (Lipitor) are the most reliable and frequently used medications to lower LDL cholesterol.
There is no doubt that raised cholesterol levels are causing health issues and it is thought that it is the ratio of bad to good which is causing the problems, but research is an ever evolving field and research into cholesterol is no different.
There are medications available as indicted and there are some dietary supplements which are more natural which can also help.